E Bike Standards Overview of the World’s Countries

At present, the sales of electric bicycles in the international market is increasing, and the prospect is generally optimistic by the industry. But the e bike standards and regulations of various countries and regions are not the same, which has a certain impact on the export of enterprises.

E Bike Standards

Therefore, the electric bicycle standards of some countries and regions are only briefly introduced, hoping to help colleagues in the industry.

Due to consumers’ attention to sports and leisure and the trend of environmental protection and energy saving, electric assisted bicycle has become the hottest topic in the bicycle industry. Many countries have made relevant regulations for electric vehicles, such as the United States and Canada’s federal safety regulations.

The European Union’s standard for electric bicycle arrangement EN15194 was also issued in 2009. There are still many ambiguities, such as the United States and Canada, which have federal legal status, but which states define as “electric vehicles” in different ways and have different regulatory requirements.

The European Union E Bike Standards

Electric bicycles in the European Union are usually divided into two categories: electric auxiliary bicycles and electric bicycles. The so-called e-bikes that can be legally used on roads without a license are electric assist bikes, which have a maximum power limit of 250 watts and a top speed of 25 kilometers per hour.

On 30 April 2009, the European standards committee officially published the new specification EPAC/EN15194 for electric assist bicycles. It covers the relevant technical specifications and testing procedures.

The EPAC, as referred to in the European standard, has a maximum continuous output power of 250 watts and automatically cuts off at speeds of 25 kilometers per hour. It uses a 48-vdc battery or a charger with a 230V input power.

E Bike

EPAC standards set out the e-bike engine system, charging system circuit safety specifications and testing methods. The new EPAC standard is more complex than the previous CEN standard. With three main testing items: EMC, safety and mechanical properties, of which electromagnetic compatibility EMC standards are the most difficult to pass.

EMC standard mainly aims to ensure the safety protection of drivers using electric vehicles. And ensure that the electronic parts of riding vehicles will not be interfered by electromagnetic pulse generated by mobile phones, etc. In addition, electric bicycle is officially defined as ElectricallyPedal AssistedCycle.

The standard will be applied to the 30 countries of the European Union in January 2009. Austria, Billy Ming, Bulgaria, Cyprus, the Czech republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom.

Regulations full name: EN15194:2009 cycleselectricallypowerassistedcycles – EPAC electric auxiliary bike.

This standard applies to electric assist bicycles that meet the following requirements:

  1. Maximum rated power 250W (0.25KW);
  2. When the speed reaches 25km/h or stops pedaling, the output horsepower will gradually weaken and finally power off;
  3. battery voltage is lower than 48VDC or built-in charger voltage 230V.

The main tests included in this standard are:

  1.  mechanical strength of the vehicle EN14764
  2. Circuit design and specification requirements for using wire
  3. electromagnetic compatibility (interference and tolerance)
  4. Battery safety test
  5. waterproof test IEC60529IPX4
  6. Bullet train output
  7. Overspeed and brake power failure
  8. Content requirements of body sign and manual

America E Bike Standards

National Highway Traffic Safety Administration regulations classify low-speed electric bicycles as consumer products, which fall under the purview of the Consumer Product Safety Commission.

America Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) mandates that low-speed electric bicycles or tricycles manufactured for commercial use.They must be equipped with treadable pedals, an electric motor with a maximum output of 750 watts, a speed of 20 miles per hour (32 kilometers per hour), and a vehicle weight of 50 kilograms.

America has the most lax regulations and restrictions on e-bike products, but the definitions and regulations for e-bikes vary from state to state.

Japan E Bike Standards

Japan has imposed strict restrictions on the use of electric bicycles. Japan only allows “intelligent electric auxiliary bicycle” on the road. And has formulated very strict regulations on the requirements of “intelligent electric auxiliary bicycle”.

The specific regulations of Japanese road Traffic Law on electric auxiliary bicycle are as follows:

  1. In any road conditions, speed is less than 15 km, manpower: electric ≥1, that is, the electric power is not allowed to be greater than manpower, but the electric power is close to manpower.
  2. In any road condition, when the speed is greater than 15km/h, the power will decrease by 1/9 when the speed increases by 1km/h.
  3. When the speed exceeds 24km/h, the electric system of the vehicle will be closed.
  4. Within 1 second after the start of human trample, the electric aid system will be required to be carried out. Within 1 second after the stop of human trample, the electric aid system of the vehicle will be closed.
  5. In order to save electric energy, the intelligent electric auxiliary bicycle stops running for a certain period of time (generally 3 ~ 5 minutes), and the whole vehicle is in a dormant state.
  6. must ensure the continuity of cycling, power can not have intermittent phenomenon.

Canada E Bike Standards

Since 2001, Canada’s federal Safety law has required that standards for electric assist bicycles (PABs) have been defined. It is defined as a two – or three-wheeled bicycle with an electric motor of less than 500 watts that can pedal on two feet when there is no electricity supply.

In addition, under the safety regulations, it must meet a maximum of 32 km, and the manufacturer must clearly indicate on the body that it is an electric bike. However, the requirements for electric bikes vary from province to province in Canada, and the requirements for these provinces are listed below.

  1. Alberta: Electric bicycles are legally allowed on roads in this province, but the maximum speed is 32 km/h, the maximum motor output is 750 WATTS, the total weight is not more than 35 kg, and the driver must wear a safety helmet.
  2. Ontario: Province is Canada’s most slow allows electric bicycle roads because of one of the province, October 4, 2006, Ontario, the transport minister, announced that electric bikes meet federal standards define to hit the road, and electric bicycle driver must be at least 16 years old and must wear safety helmet, also should abide by the relevant laws and regulations bicycles.

The maximum weight of electric bikes is 120kg, the maximum braking distance is 9 meters, and the modification of electric bikes to speed more than 32 kilometers per hour is prohibited. On the side, electric bikes are not allowed on 400-series expressways, expressways or other banned areas. Those under 16 years of age who do not wear qualified helmets will be fined $60 to $500.

Australia E Bike Standards

The Australian Government’s Motor Vehicle Standards Act stipulates that all vehicles on the road must comply with The Australian Design Rules (ADRs) before being marketed.

The vehicles covered include bicycles and electric assist bicycles. Its definition is as follows:

  1. Two and three wheelers.
  2. completely trampled by manpower to make it forward.
  3. The electric auxiliary bicycle is a bicycle equipped with pedals, loaded with one or more power auxiliary devices, and the maximum output power is not more than 200 watts.
  4.  electric bicycle is not electric auxiliary bicycle, it refers to a small locomotive with a motor and engine, engine cylinder capacity is not more than 50C.C, the highest current is not more than 50 km.

India E Bike Standards

In India, all electric vehicles must be through the ARAI certification as follow:

  1. The output power is less than 250 w and less than 25 km/h electric cars by more easily
  2. While larger horsepower electric vehicles by complete CMVR regulations standard test procedures.
  3. It is very time-consuming and high cost, so also let the electricity vehicle market in India’s delayed on track.

New Zealand E Bike Standards

Vehicles with motor output less than 300W are classified as electric bicycles and must comply with the same specifications as bicycles.

China E Bike Standards

According to China’s current laws and regulations, electric bicycle mainly electric, the maximum speed is less than 25 km per hour, and the vehicle weight (excluding the battery) is less than 40 kg of two-wheeled vehicles.

E Bike factory

  1. Vehicle size restrictions:
  • Full length: Electric bicycle shall not exceed 2.5 meters
  • Full width: the electric bicycle shall not exceed 1 meter, the handlebar riser is prohibited to use folding or telescopic adjustment.
  • Full height: the electric bicycle shall not exceed 2 meters, and the lowest position of the seat cushion shall not be less than 60 centimeters from the ground.
  1. Weight limit:
  • Electric auxiliary bicycle: a two-wheeled vehicle whose empty weight (including battery) should be less than 40 kg.
  • Electric bicycle: a two-wheeled vehicle with an empty weight (excluding batteries) of less than 40 kg.

If you are looking for a new way of commuting or want a healthier lifestyle, we are here to help you. Visit our website to learn more about electric bikes and electric scooter or please leave information to us.

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